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The american horticultural society az encyclopedia of garden plants
AN ENTERPRISE, NOVEMBER 1, 1927 VOLUME L NO. 5 PRACTICAL GARDENING CORNER to PROSPERITY, the chief gardening aim of which, if a natural well - cultivated soil, and in just that way, we shall, in most cases, find it is the easiest, the most restful and most delightful occupation for men, women and children that our sun - rosy plants love, They are not only a welcome, but a healthful element in the home, and are more useful and lasting than an expensive garden, and in many cases are a better investment because of the more lasting interest, pleasure and necessity of their care. They are wholesome and inexpensive, and take up less room. Now, it is an accepted fact that one of the most profitable garden crops that a man can have is potatoes.'In this article we are going to tell you something about how to raise and grow them and how to use them for family use or profit, that is, for sale. Now, the main reason potatoes are so good for people is that they are absolutely free and easy to grow. Any person with land, and especially with trees around, can have a good crop of them and in fact, if he is a fairly good farmer, he can have a large and profitable crop year after year. There is hardly anything in the world which will take up so little land so well as the potato. And then the potatoes will grow and keep growing every year, giving the gardener and the consumer a supply of fresh food at a very little cost. The cost to the farmer is only one kind of manure in the form of a ton or two of stalks left at the fall. This will make good fertilizer for the next season or for you may use it in your garden as a mulch. As for the gardener, he gets his food, I mean his good, rich, sweet food, free for the asking, with a very little expense and hard work. I am not saying that potatoes are any better than onions, but I know that for family use, potatoes beat onions hands down every time. And that is why a large part of this chapter is given over to raising and using potatoes. The other vegetables belong to the species ornamental garden plants and this family of plants has been growing in the garden for many years. Their history in the gardens of the world shows that they have been a matter of great trouble and expense to the gardener. These plants are frequently much like the vegetables that we raise today, but they are not the same and of course not the same. Even our modern garden vegetables have been the result of development over a period of many years and the years of our ordinary kitchen gardens have not been given to ornamental gardening. Probably the earliest record of the appearance of the ornamental garden vegetable was in the days of Ptolemy, for the description of his gardens in the ivth century B. C. is very striking and he describes them as all planted with flowers and herbs. This would seem to imply that the flowers and herbs were the only garden crop and not the vegetables. That this was not so is indicated by other classical writers, and some of these writers were too many about 600 years ago to give the old beliefs the customary credence, So we have an idea, then, of the conditions under which the first ornamental gardens were being made. For many years these were placed about what we would call the town, and were maintained by kings and princes, and by the rich people who could afford their maintenance. This resulted in gardens being made where flowers would show best, but for the most part the herbs and vegetables were developed because, as was said before, no one was growing both flower and vegetables, flower and vegetables for profit and profit was the main consideration. So the gardener's garden of today, that is, the home garden, the small, good home gardens, has been formed of flowers and vegetables and herbs that will show best in their places, this being the oldest form of ornamental gardening. As a result the soils and climate that are most favorable for each garden are the best suited to the most fancied products. And so, in addition to those in the home garden, are some in the town, the country, the small garden of the country farmer and the large garden of the town merchant. There are so many, however, that there is little use in going into them now because all the conditions of gardening are more or less known. Yet in their smaller forms, the town, the country and the farm will still remain the places where the most flowers and the best flowers are grown and from these the gardener who really wants the garden plant will, of course, select. He will go to nurseries and the nurseries will give him the good selections he wants at very reasonable prices. And he will make the garden pretty by the addition of other plants that will grow and look well in addition to the flower garden plants. This article will tell you just what to buy at the nursery and what kind of beds you should make, and then, having put up your plant, it will give you the information needed to manage it and make it useful in your own home and family. If you make your plant fruitful, then you have a commercial garden vegetable that you can use, sell or exchange. Take, for example, the purple crocus, the most popular winter flower of the garden. This is not an ornamental plant, but is a native of the cold and snowy North, and at its best, in the fall, when the leaves are gone, it puts forth a purple, spreading flower with a strong odor. The thing to buy is the beautiful seeds which have been scattered by the squirrels and birds. These are made use of in seed mixes, and no more are needed for the good seed to be successfully grown. So it is, with all the garden flowers and garden vegetables that have been added to and multiplied by the gardener of to-day, that have developed through the years into their present well - known and much loved garden features. You can have most of your ornamental garden plant needs supplied by the nurseries and seed stores. All of these are successful because the seeds they sell are grown